Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)
What is Premenstrual Syndrome (PMS)?
PMS is a mixture of physical and emotional symptoms that a woman may get after ovulation and before her next period. Symptoms may vary from very mild to severe, hampering daily activities.
Who gets PMS?
PMS is more common in women who have:
- High levels of stress
- Family or personal history of depression.
What are the symptoms of PMS?
PMS symptoms are different for every woman.
Physical symptoms of PMS include:
- Swelling and tenderness in breasts
Emotional symptoms of PMS include:
- Feeling tired
- Sleep problems
- Appetite changes
- Lack of concentration
- Tension or anxiety
- Mood swings
- Loss of libido
What causes PMS?
Exact cause is not known but changes in hormone levels during the menstrual cycle may play a role.
How is PMS diagnosed?
There is no single test for diagnosing PMS. But, you probably have PMS if you have symptoms that:
- Happen in the five days before your period or end within four days after your period starts
- Happen for at least three menstrual cycles in a row
- Keep you from enjoying or doing some of your normal activities
What can I do to relieve PMS symptoms?
- Get regular aerobic physical activity throughout the month.
- Avoid foods and drinks with caffeine, salt, and sugar in the two weeks before your period.
- Get enough sleep.
- Find healthy ways to cope with stress.
- Don’t smoke.