Intrauterine Insemination (IUI)
Intrauterine insemination (IUI) is a type of artificial insemination procedure for treating infertility. During an intrauterine insemination (IUI) procedure, sperm is placed directly into the uterus using a small catheter. This is done around the time when the woman is most fertile i.e. when the woman releases one or more eggs.
When is IUI used?
Intrauterine insemination is used in cases of:
- Donor sperm.For women who need to use donor sperm to get pregnant.
- Unexplained infertility.First treatment for unexplained infertility along with ovulation-inducing mediations.
- Endometriosis-related infertility.
- Mild male factor infertility (subfertility).
- Cervical factor infertility.
- Ovulatory factor infertility.
- Semen allergy.
Are there any associated risks?
Intrauterine insemination is a relatively simple and safe procedure, and the risk of serious complications is low. Some risks may include:
- There’s a slight risk of developing an infection as a result of the procedure.
- Sometimes the process of placing the catheter in the uterus causes a small amount of vaginal bleeding. This doesn’t usually have an effect on the chance of pregnancy.
- Multiple pregnancy.Sometimes when coordinated with ovulation-inducing medications, the risk of a multiple pregnancy increases significantly.
The IUI procedure is performed each month till the couple is not able to conceive. Other than this, the age and cause of infertility is also responsible for the pregnancy. IUI is carried when the women is ovulating. The ultimate goal of the IUI is to increase the number of sperms that should reach the fallopian tube and then to the uterus. Dr. Kothiwala states that the procedure will be successful largely when the patient is positive and happy.